lunes, 13 de febrero de 2017

LET'S REMEMBER!

What happens to our bodies when we do sport?




Blood flows fast around our bodies.
We inhale and exhale more air.

How do our bodies work?

The nervous system and senses control everything that happens in our bodies.

The nervous system is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves.

What do the senses do?

All the senses give information to the brain.


How do our bodies move?


Our locomotor system is made up of bones, joints and muscles.
Our locomotor system helps us move, eat and speak.

How can we look after our locomotor system?

We can sleep 10 hours every day. 

We can warm up before doing sport and stretch after doing exercise.


How does our circulatory system work?


Our circulatory system carries nutrients around the body.
It’s made up of the heart, the blood and the blood vessels.

What’s the pulse?


The pulse is the small thump you can feel in some parts of the body.
A person’s heartbeat changes when they do any activity.

How does our respiratory system work?

It helps us breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.
It’s made up of the nostrils, the windpipe, the bronchi and the lungs.

What’s the reproductive system?

The reproductive system allows us to have babies.


Men have testicles and sperm. Women have eggs and ovaries.

miércoles, 8 de febrero de 2017

THE HUMAN BODY





HUMAN BODY

THE HUMAN BODY

The human body is divided in 3 parts: head, trunk and limbs. In the head there is the face with the forehead, chin and 2 cheeks.

The trunk has 2 parts: the thorax and the abdomen. The limbs include the upper limbs and the lower limbs.

Inside your body

Your body is made of bones and muscles. The bone of your head is the skull. Inside the skull there is the brain.
Your trunk contains organs that make you work: heart, lungs, kidneys, stomach and intestines.

The skin

The skin is an organ that covers your body. The skin feels different sensations and sends the information to your brain through the nerves. The skin can be tanned when the melanin reacts against the sunlight.

People are different

There are some things that make people different: sexual characteristics (women and men), body constitution (robust or slim), height (tall or short) and personal traits (color of the eyes, the skin or hair, etc).

Stages of life

There are 4 stages of life: childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age. 


1)    Childhood: from birth until 12 years old.

2)   Adolescence: from 12 to 18 years old. Body changes.

3)   Adulthood: from 18 to 65 years old.

4)   Old age: from 65 years old onwards. Bones become frail and wrinkles appear.

Life processes

There are 3 main processes of life: nutrition, reproduction and sensitivity.

Nutrition:

During the process of nutrition you eat and absorb nutrients that become energy. Finally, your body expels waste. 

All the body systems are involved in nutrition. The digestive system absorbs nutrients from the food you eat. The respiratory system provides oxygen used to get energy from the nutrients. The circulatory system puts oxygen and nutrients in touch. 

Finally, Excretory system expels what your body doesn´t need.

Sensitivity:

Sensitivity is the ability to detect and respond to changes in the environment. The 5 senses provide the information to do so: sight, hearing, touch, taste and the sense of smell. The information captured by your senses travel through the nerves until your brain. Orders are given to muscles as reactions.

Reproduction:

People have sexual reproduction, that is that a male and a female must come together to reproduce. People are viviparous, that means that the baby is developed inside the womb of the mother. Most physical characteristics are inherited.